Archive for April, 2011
Question about Czech declension, please help?
I was searching for pictures of Prague, and then I saw this thing in Czech…..”prazsky hrad” and I found out that it means castle of Prague. Prague is called Praha in Czech, but of Prague is prazsky? Why so different? Yes I know, Czech language uses case system. But would you explain this to me?
Also, what is the declension of the name Praha? Is it masculine, feminine or neuter?
Sorry, I’m just trying to learn this wonderful language and I’m finding some things a but confusing……but I’m not gonna give up, I wanna learn!
It is “pražský hrad” and a more correct translation would be “the Praguian (adjective) castle (noun)”, but it is also correct to say “the castle of Prague” nevertheless.
For example: “pražský hrad v Praze” means “the Praguian castle in Prague”. “Praze” is “Praha” (Prague (noun)) but declined in the Locative singular case, because ‘the castle’ is ‘IN Prague’.
“Oficiální stránky Pražského hradu.” means “The official website of the Praguian castle.”
Once it was “pražský hrad” and now it is “pražského hradu” because ‘the official website’ is ‘OF THE Praguian castle’.
Pražský = nominative or accusative or vocative singular masculine inanimate case of ‘pražský’.
Pražského = genitive singular masculine inanimate case of ‘pražský’.
Masculine inanimate because “hrad” (castle) is an masculine inanimate noun.
Hrad = nominative or accusative singular case of ‘hrad’.
Hradu = genitive or dative singular case of ‘hrad’.
Hope this helps a little!
Personality development, communication skills training by Anurag Aggarwal
Public Speaking Course Content
What kind of course is it?
It’s a foundation course in Public Speaking, Presentation skills and Personality Development to help you in building up your confidence and to develop your personality so that you can present yourself in front of large group of people with confidence.
Whom is it meant for?
-Those doing their graduation or post-graduation
-Those preparing for entrance to professional courses in management, etc.
-Those preparing for various competitive examinations – Civil Services, CAT etc.
-Those looking for careers in the Call Centre industry.
-Those who believe they need help, even if they don’t fit into any of the above categories
-Young working people
-Those who are scared of facing public
-Those who have problem regarding communication skills
-This Course is for everyone including Lawyers, Doctors, Engineers, Teachers, IT Professional,
Non IT Professional, House-wives, Students, Business man.
Full course – 6 months (once a week)
Crash course – 3 months (once a week)
What kind of Courses are available
1. Public Speaking Course
2. Persoanlity Development Course
3. Presentation Skills Course
4. Communication skills course
5. Interview Facing Course
6. Train the Trainer Course
7. Marketing skills Course
8. Corporate Training
-Essentially it is “learning by doing”.
Almost every day, each participant will actually be asked to speak, with a great deal of help and encouragement from the instructor (Mr.Anurag Aggarwal) and other participants. The whole “mystery of speaking” will be systematically unraveled, and the participant’s fear removed. We also use audiocassettes, live speeches by experts and so on, to increase listening comprehension and to improve diction.
About the Author
The name ‘ANURAG AGGARWAL’ needs neither a prologue nor an epilogue. A successful motivator, an enthusiastic trainer and an experienced counselor, he is the efficient stalwart of the ‘ANURAG AGGARWAL INSTITUTE OF PUBLIC SPEAKING’A post graduate in commerce from DelhiUniversity, he successfully ran a business enterprise for almost 14 years. He has been trained by the trainers of the Dale Carnegie Institute of Public Speaking, USA. He has successfully graduated from courses like TMI (Denmark) and Train the Trainer course by Steven Covey.
For more info just visit the website —— http://anuragaggarwal.com/
Or visit Head Office and get a free demo of this course——–
Anurag Agarwal Institute of public speaking
9-F, second floor, Kamla nagar Delhi-110007
Call Shikha — 9582121300
Should I become an interpreter or a bartender?
Should I become an interpreter (6 languages) or should I go to bartending school? I already know Danish, English and Icelandic and I’ve been studying French, German and Dutch for almost a year now, but should I go to bartending school when I’ve finished the required school years (3 years left) or go to Europe and practice interpreting for a year and then go to college to study these languages further?
You will probably find more employment opportunities in bartending but the wages are typically low, the room for advancement is non-existant and there’s often a perceived time-limit associated with it. After all, we can’t be young and flirty forever. With interpreting, you will probably see fewer opportunities but they would probably pay better and be with companies that could offer better benefits and incentives. Of those you list, German is expected to be in great demand in the near future. Just make sure you truly have a firm grasp of these languages before chasing a career speaking them. Studying a language and being able to speak it conversationally with someone are two different things.
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Stop Korupsi dan Suap di Indonesia
Go East Young Man! Traveling the Orient – Asia Adventure
After spending a summer serving in war-torn east Africa, where I slept in a tent for two of the three months I was there; I returned to the United States to embark upon a law education. Far less adventurous and for me difficult to be passionate about, I struggled my first year of law school. Though I passed the first semester of courses by the skin of my teeth, my grade point average was quite discouraging for someone thinking to make a career practicing law.
Thankfully, it took a few months for our second semester final exams to be graded and posted. I therefore in good faith pursued an international law internship and summer program at the University of Hong Kong. Situated atop lovely Victorian Peak, I dived deeper into academia and international law.
What was unique about those three months in Hong Kong during the summer of 1995 was that the British government was still ruling. Upon taking a trip to the high court, I saw Chinese judges wear white British style wigs. It was a funny and rare site to behold.
My passion in particular was helping oppressed people in forgotten nations where their human rights were being violated. Unfortunately I learned from my law professor in Hong Kong that international treaties to uphold human rights are rarely enforced by the United Nations or anyone else globally. For me that further diminished the relevance of international law and my interest in studying it.
In those days a particular religious group smuggled Bibles across from Hong Kong into Shenzhen, China. I was asked to participate, which I did. That day of smuggling Bibles was far more exciting than my entire summer buried in law books in Hong Kong.
Upon returning home after successfully completing my summer internship and academic program, I opened a disheartening letter from my law school encouraging me to withdraw based on my dismal grade point average.
Wondering what on earth I would now do with my life, when walking home to my Brooklyn Heights apartment I heard a voice. “Go east young man! Go east!”
Gripped by what I heard, I determined to go to Chinatown that week. Upon doing so I met a Chinese Pastor who immediately offered me a job to travel with him throughout Asia and be his English teacher. Without hesitation I happily accepted. Not long thereafter I found myself in Taipei, Taiwan.
Across the street from my new apartment was Chiang Kai-shek Memorial Park honoring the revolutionary Chinese leader who established Taiwan governmentally. Suffering from jet lag the first week I was in Taiwan, I journeyed outside looking for some food when I discovered the lovely park across the street.
Many people were exercising, enjoying the cool morning air. Tai chi was a particular favorite, which I saw both men and when doing with the utmost concentration and precision. The Chinese internal martial art is frequently practiced for health and longevity. The slow and fluid movements facilitate internal harmony and oneness within.
Before the business day began, the raising of the national flag, along with a soldier salute occurred daily. It was a delight to be able to see and behold. Though I could not yet speak Mandarin, what I saw with my eyes captivated my heart and deposited a deep respect for Chinese culture.
By reason of my association with Pastor Ko and other reputable wise men, I soon became a highly sought out speaker. Others throughout Asia began hearing of me and invited me to their countries.
My trip to Burma was a somewhat covert operation considering where I was invited to speak was deemed a “blackout area” where foreigners were not permitted. Nevertheless after meeting my initial contact in Rangoon, we were able to exchange the problematic national currency and secure a domestic flight to the remote destination.
There was no electricity. I slept on a blow up mattress under a mosquito net, while large rats crawled overhead at night. We hung our meager supplies and fruit from a string to keep the rats from getting to them during the evening.
When I awoke in the morning, there were always some fresh rodent droppings on my mosquito net. Nevertheless I was happy to endure such light afflictions considering the tremendous response of the people when I spoke to them about personal empowerment and being a world-changer.
Since the Universities had been shut down across Burma, students did whatever they could to further their education and professional development. That is why they were so enthusiastic to hear me speak.
Historically student and monk peaceful protests in Burma were ended by brutality and killing. What troubled me most however was the lack of opportunity for bright youth throughout the country. Religious leaders from the monasteries begged for rice daily in the streets of Rangoon. Democracy would not be tolerated as those in power were determined to hold on as long as possible.
What touched my heart the most was the humility and hunger of young adults to draw near to foreigners to learn anything they could. Such a yearning for knowledge and self-development deeply moved my heart to commit to do all I can for the Burmese youth. I pray the freedom within the hearts of the youth and monks of Burma can somehow victoriously breakthrough and transform their beloved country.
Upon reaching my twenty-eight day limit on my visa in Burma, I was forced to leave the country. My next stop was Thailand, a lovely country with much sexual perversion.
Never in my life had I seen such open prostitution as I had in Bangkok and Phuket. Prostitutes and transvestites freely approached people on the streets soliciting payment for sexual favors. Commonly ladies and “lady-boys” approached me uttering obscenities and selling services.
The U.S. Navy and Marines arrived in Phuket happy to party and take in some extracurricular activities. A few service men made friends with local girls. I can only imagine how many drunk foreigners wake up in the morning only to find they’ve slept with a transvestite.
Beyond the vice of prostitution, Thailand overall is a lovely place to vacation and visit. The food is fantastic. The people are friendly. The beaches are superb. Among the islands I visited were Krabi and Phee-Phee, the latter hit the hardest by the tsunamis.
A European restaurant owner told me stories of Burmese young ladies who had been kidnapped or promised work at upscale resorts. Once the Burmese girls were brought to the cities, their passports were taken and they were forcibly subjected to prostitution. I was informed that once the young ladies get HIV or some sexual disease, they are taken back to the Burmese border, given a fatal injection, and left to die.
Such human rights violations are rarely fought considering the limited economic opportunities in Burma. It is said even along the northeast region of Thailand families sell their own daughters into prostitution to make money.
Though I saw many beautiful young ladies, I managed to happily restrain myself. I was not interested in catching any sexual diseases, which I was told was quite common throughout Thailand.
I journeyed further south when I received an invitation to speak in Penang, Malaysia. Immediately upon entering Malaysia I could sense there was a stronger governmental hand upon the land. I found the Muslims in Malaysia to be very friendly and respectful.
My greatest adventure was traveling to East Malaysia, where I spoke in several poor villages. The precious people were very superstitious, practicing various voodoo like observances I had only before seen in Haiti. Some claimed they were harassed and troubled by demon spirits. Hence I spoke on the importance of guarding your heart, personal purity, and living fearlessly.
The villagers were overjoyed to have me as their guest and cooked innumerable dishes for me to sample. Their poverty by no means hindered their gracious hospitality, neither their generosity. I shall never forget the tenderness of heart the Malaysians showed me.
One unexpected visitor that showed up in a modest home where I stayed was a monkey. During the outbreak of Japanese encephalitis when the military was slaughtering all of the pigs, many were concerned about other animals contracting the virus. Thankfully we never fell ill with the disease and carried on through the outbreak unharmed.
While in East Malaysia (the island of Bornea), an invitation came to speak in Brunei. This small and oil rich nation didn’t have much to do socially at night, but the people were all very polite and industrious. Shell Oil and other petroleum contractors frequented the small country to do business.
What surprised me the most was to see over seventy people jam packed within a small house to hear me speak. The event was hosted by a Christian fellowship that legally was not permitted to meet publicly.
When I inquired further as to the laws of Brunei, I was told that only the Catholics and Anglicans are legally authorized to conduct Christian ceremonies. Brunei does not permit other religious groups to have churches or schools.
It was then I realized how priceless the freedom of thought and expression is, without which there can be no democracy or just government to serve the people. Such sacred freedoms we in the West so commonly take for granted are greatly cherished and only wished for abroad in such nations as Brunei.
Though Brunei has a prospering economy, it is a “dry country” meaning no liquor is sold in the country. Certainly forbidding the use of alcohol has its benefits. There are no drunk driving incidents to endanger people with, neither excessive substance abuse. As one who does not drink myself, such restrictions had no bearing upon me.
Nevertheless as a world traveler touring Asia, the laws of Brunei that restrict religion and consumption were very noticeable. On a more fun note, the free theme park the sultan constructed for all to happily use in the center of the country was a blast! Children and adults of all ages make merry and enjoy it very much! It is my hope the sultan’s generosity will extend over into social freedoms for the people of Brunei.
Upon leaving Brunei we were off to Jakarta, Indonesia. As a surfer Indonesia, the world’s largest archipelago, quickly became my favorite country in Asia. Considering I didn’t have much money to travel on, the inexpensive hotels and minimal cost of living made Indonesia very comfortable for me.
Even better the people were very generous. Wherever I spoke I always left with more money than I came in with. Upon going to get a hair cut at the salon, I was presently surprised to discover reflexology. Foot massage is very popular throughout Indonesia and only costs about $5 to $10 depending on where you go.
After a good workout at the hotel health club, I even managed to get a full body massage lasting one hour for just $10 to $15 USD. I suddenly felt like a king, though I was living on a pauper’s budget.
While traveling to different areas of Jakarta, my taxi driver pointed out to me a former hotel which had been bombed during the riots a few years ago. The building was utterly destroyed. I was told that Islamic terrorists had blown it up in anticipation of President Clinton and other Americans being there.
I learned about the May riots in which Chinese businessmen were also targeted by Muslim extremists who vandalized their homes and sought to kill them. Like clockwork every May, Chinese would leave the country fearing for their lives.
It seems the Chinese living within Indonesia made the locals jealous. Their business acumen and astute intellect provoked struggling Indonesians.
Nevertheless the same opportunities exist for all throughout Indonesia. Yet many people were easily aroused by the protestation calling for violence. Sadly many died over the years as a result.
I fell deeply in love with Indonesia and returned numerous times. I particularly remember my time speaking in East Timor during the war in 2000, before the United Nations granted them national sovereignty. It was a time of hardship and unrest, as war killed many innocent people. Thankfully Timor Leste, as it is now called, is a land dwelling in peace.
When the tsunamis swept through the island of Sumatra, I was moved with compassion to find my way to Banda Aceh. The longtime renegade province of Indonesia had historically killed dissidents and religious leaders of other faiths. Eventually the leaders of Banda Aceh forbid international aid workers altogether.
That all changed when Banda Aceh and the bordering towns were devastated by the tsunamis. International aid workers from around the globe were suddenly greeted with open arms, waving hands, and smiling faces.
I met men who had lost up to five children and their wives in a single day. One Muslim man told me he cried for two months straight.
Endeavoring to do what I could with what little finances I had, we helped a Muslim young man rebuild his home. His home had been leveled by the tsunamis and he washed to the top of a nearby mountain when the waves swept through.
It was nothing short of a miracle that those alive survived. As they all pulled together to rebuild their homes, bureaucratic delays from the government impeded progress. Nevertheless many proceeded to build with or without authorization.
Other allegations later surfaced that corrupt governmental officials nationally and locally were pocketing charitable contributions and not getting them to those most in need. Such corruption is widespread throughout Indonesia as is evident by the poor and faulty infrastructure across the country.
Bribery sadly is commonplace. Even more troubling was the drug epidemic I witnessed among the youth, many of whom use ecstasy. It is said some 15,000 youth die annually from ecstasy overdose.
The island of Java also has its problems with prostitution. Not something you would expect from an Islamic government.
The Bali bombings during which discos were set on fire and tourists killed sent fear throughout the tourism industry. As the economy took a nosedive, the Indonesian government and police quickly responded to terrorist elements seeking to thwart national stability.
The dangers of terrorists remain throughout isolated areas of Indonesia, as one never knows when a radical may strike. Overall Indonesia however is very peaceable, polite, and warm toward foreigners.
I often felt like a movie star everywhere I went in Indonesia as people shouted at me with joy hoping to get a wave or smile in return.
The sweetness and sincerity of the people stole my heart. Though I am an American born citizen, I left my heart in Asia. Every chance I get, I happily and wholeheartedly return to the continent where two-thirds of the world’s populace lives.
About the Author
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The Lion in the Bible versus the Quran (6)
The Lion is mentioned in the Bible 119 times, 110 times in the Old Testament and nine times in the New Testament. The Lion itself is not mentioned in the Noble Quran; however, wild beasts (wild animals) is mentioned once.
In the Bible, Revelation 13:1-6 talk about a strange beast with amazing characters. The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority. The whole world worshiped the beast and said: “Who is like the beast? Who can make war against him?” The Dragon and that beast are not found in the Noble Quran.
The Dragon in the Bible:
The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority.
This beast which came out of the sea had amazing characters; he had Seven Heads, Ten Horns and Ten Crowns. One of the seven heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound if it had been slain. The whole world was astonished and followed the beast when the beast’s fatal wound had been healed. The whole world worshiped both the beast and the Dragon.
Revelation 13:1-6 in four different versions of the Bible:
New International Version
1And the dragon stood on the shore of the sea.
The Beast out of the Sea
And I saw a beast coming out of the sea. He had ten horns and seven heads, with ten crowns on his horns, and on each head a blasphemous name.
2The beast I saw resembled a leopard, but had feet like those of a bear and a mouth like that of a lion. The dragon gave the beast his power and his throne and great authority.
3One of the heads of the beast seemed to have had a fatal wound, but the fatal wound had been healed. The whole world was astonished and followed the beast.
4Men worshiped the dragon because he had given authority to the beast, and they also worshiped the beast and asked, “Who is like the beast? Who can make war against him?”
5The beast was given a mouth to utter proud words and blasphemies and to exercise his authority for forty-two months.
6He opened his mouth to blaspheme God, and to slander his name and his dwelling place and those who live in heaven.
New American Standard Bible
The Beast from the Sea
1And the dragon stood on the sand of the seashore. Then I saw a beast coming up out of the sea, having ten horns and seven heads, and on his horns were ten diadems, and on his heads were blasphemous names.
2And the beast which I saw was like a leopard, and his feet were like those of a bear, and his mouth like the mouth of a lion And the dragon gave him his power and his throne and great authority.
3I saw one of his heads as if it had been slain, and his fatal wound was healed And the whole earth was amazed and followed after the beast;
4they worshiped the dragon because he gave his authority to the beast; and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who is able to wage war with him?”
5There was given to him a mouth speaking arrogant words and blasphemies, and authority to act for forty-two months was given to him.
6And he opened his mouth in blasphemies against God, to blaspheme His name and His tabernacle, that is, those who dwell in heaven.
English Standard Version
The First Beast
1And I saw a beast rising out of the sea, with ten horns and seven heads, with ten diadems on its horns and blasphemous names on its heads.
2And the beast that I saw was like a leopard; its feet were like a bear’s, and its mouth was like a lion’s mouth. And to it the dragon gave his power and his throne and great authority.
3One of its heads seemed to have a mortal wound, but its mortal wound was healed, and the whole earth marveled as they followed the beast.
4And they worshiped the dragon, for he had given his authority to the beast, and they worshiped the beast, saying, “Who is like the beast, and who can fight against it?”
5And the beast was given a mouth uttering haughty and blasphemous words, and it was allowed to exercise authority for forty-two months.
6It opened its mouth to utter blasphemies against God, blaspheming his name and his dwelling, that is, those who dwell in heaven.
King James Version
1And I stood upon the sand of the sea, and saw a beast rise up out of the sea, having seven heads and ten horns, and upon his horns ten crowns, and upon his heads the name of blasphemy.
2And the beast which I saw was like unto a leopard, and his feet were as the feet of a bear, and his mouth as the mouth of a lion: and the dragon gave him his power, and his seat, and great authority.
3And I saw one of his heads as it were wounded to death; and his deadly wound was healed: and all the world wondered after the beast.
4And they worshipped the dragon which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying, Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?
5And there was given unto him a mouth speaking great things and blasphemies; and power was given unto him to continue forty and two months.
6And he opened his mouth in blasphemy against God, to blaspheme his name, and his tabernacle, and them that dwell in heaven.
The Dragon in modern sciences:
The Dragon is the only mythical creature in the Chinese zodiac. In China, dragons are associated with strength, health, harmony, and good luck; they are placed above doors or on the tops of roofs to banish demons and evil spirits.
The Dragon is omnipotent. They are flamboyant, attractive and full of vitality and strength. In China, the Dragon is the sign of the Emperor of China or the male element Yang. The Dragon is the symbol of power and wealth.
In short, the Dragon is a mythical creature that exists only in myth. The presence of the Dragon is unproved from the scientific point of view. The same is the case in respect to this Biblical strange Beast.
The Dragon in the Noble Quran:
The Dragon is not mentioned in the Noble Quran.
This Biblical strange Beast is not mentioned in the Noble Quran.
The interested reader is invited to read this series of articles: The Lion in the Bible versus the Quran (1-6).
Back to my question to the smart reader:
Is the Quran quoted from the Bible?
About the Author
Professor Dr. Ibrahim Khalil
Prof. of Clinical and Chemical Pathology,
Head of Clinical Microbiology and Infection Control Unit,
Ain-Shams University. Cairo, Egypt.
And, President of the Egyptian Society of Inventors.
Member of the Egyptian union of Writers