Archive for June, 2008
Where can I find a free online spanish course for basic spanish?
this site it’s not like a course but it can help you..go to studyspanish.com
Could anybody recommend good Spanish Spanish (not Latin American Spanish) learning software?
I would like to learn Spanish Spanish not Latin American Spanish. I know that Rosetta Stone has it and it’s widely advertised everywhere but is it really that good? And of course if I Google Spanish learning software, search results are in the order of what software company paid to be on the top of the Google search. Same thing with reviews – Can’t tell if they are real or fake. . Also, if anybody can suggest good free websites for Spanish language, grammar & tips and any good books for Spanish grammar.
Thank You! ?
I tried Rosetta Stone for Spanish and found it effective for basic sentences or words. But you could not get fluent or reach an Intermediate level with it, especially as there is no grammar explanations. The best way to get fluent is to communicate with a native speaker or live abroad, which is unfortunately not always possible. Rosetta Stone can teach you the basics, but not be really communicate.
Nonetheless, I found another language software that my college was using called TeLL me More. I found it to be less repetitive than Rosetta Stone, but also more effective to communicate. For instance, they have an activity where you could actually have a dialogue with the computer: the computer says one sentence, you have three choices of answer and you actually speak the correct answer (headset and mic is already included) and the computer recognizes what you are saying and moves you on to the next sentence. They have a free trial on their site www.auralog.com . I also found out after buying it that they are better ranked than Rosetta Stone on http://learn-spanish-software-review.toptenreviews.com/
The “Colossus of Rhodes”, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
The “Statue of Zeus at Olympia”, one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World
The “Athena Parthenos”, originally housed in the Parthenon
Mosaic portraits of members of the western and eastern imperial families and the bishop of Ravenna, commissioned by Galla Placidia in the Church of San Giovanni Evangelista, Ravenna (c. 425 C.E.). Destroyed by 1747.
Equestrian monument (the “Regisole”) to Theodoric the Great, King of the Ostrogoths erected at Ravenna. Moved to Pavia in the Middle Ages, it stood before the cathedral. Destroyed by French troops under Napoleon, 1796.
The Buddhas of Bamyan, destroyed by the Taliban in 2001.
Many icons were destroyed during the reign of Leo III the Isaurian, including a famous image of Christ Chalkites on the Chalke Gate. Only a few icons from this period survive, saved outside of imperial control at St. Catherine’s Monastery, in the Sinai.
The final portion of the Bayeux Tapestry was deliberately removed at some point, and is now lost.
Panels of the great Maest altarpiece of Duccio di Buoninsegna, painted for the Duomo of Siena and representing the Coronation of the Virgin, Virgin of the Assumption, Ascension of Christ, and Christ in Majesty, are missing and presumed lost.
The great Navicella mosaic of Giotto di Bondone on the porch of Old Saint Peter’s Basilica was extensively reworked in the 17th century.
Giotto’s allegorical fresco of the Commune of Florence portrayed as a seated judge with sceptre, flanked by figures of Fortitude, Prudence, Justice and Temperance, painted for the Palazzo del Podesta, now the Bargello, Florence. Described by Giorgio Vasari.
Giotto’s frescoes (Stories of the Apostles) for the Giugni Chapel of the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence.
A lost painting of the Virgin by Giotto was bequeathed by the poet Petrarch to Francesca da Carrara, lord of Padua, in 1370.
Fresco, Saint Margaret of Cortona bringing Suppolino back to Life, by Ambrogio Lorenzetti in the Church of Santa Margherita, Cortona. Destroyed mid – 17th century.
A lost portrait of Petrarch’s Laura de Noves by Simone Martini is the subject of one of Petrarch’s sonnets.
Virgin Enthroned with Saints and Angels (1402) by Lorenzo Monaco. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Statue of Joshua in terra cotta carved by Donatello for the north tribune of the Duomo of Florence (c.1410). Disappeared in the 18th century.
Statue of Abundance (Dovizia) in stone carved by Donatello (1428). On a column placed first in the Baptistery of the Duomo, later in the Mercato Vecchio, Florence. Replaced in the 18th century, now lost.
Frescoes by Gentile da Fabriano and Pisanello in the Basilica of Saint John Lateran, Rome. Destroyed in reconstruction, 1647.
Fresco cycle of 300 images of Illustrious Men by Masolino da Panicale and Paolo Uccello (c. 1432) for the Palace of Cardinal Orsini in Rome. A watercolor copy by Leonardo da Besozzo survives.
The Sagra del Carmine, monochrome fresco for the cloister of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence, by Masaccio (1425) representing the consecration of the church in 1422. Destroyed by 1600.
Fresco of the Confirmation of the Rules of the Carmelites by Filippo Lippi in the cloister of Santa Maria del Carmine, Florence. Destroyed by fire, 1771. A fragment uncovered in 1860 survives in place.
A Crucifix was painted by Fra Angelico for the Dominican church of Santa Maria Novella, Florence, in 1423.
School of Fra Angelico. Last Judgment (1456). Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Fresco of the Flagellation by Andrea del Castagno in the cloister of the Basilica of Santa Croce, Florence, destroyed in the 17th century.
Frescoes of the life of the Virgin (1450-1452) begun by Domenico Veneziano and completed by Andrea del Castagno in the church of Sant’ Egidio (Santa Maria Nuova), Florence. Destroyed 1594.
Fresco cycle of the life of Santa Rosa, painted by Benozzo Gozzoli for the church of Santa Rosa, Viterbo. Destroyed by 1632 renovations to the church. Autograph and other drawings and a contemporary description survive.
Altarpiece with scenes from the life of Saint Nicholas by Antonello da Messina for the Confraternity of San Nicol della Montagna in Messina. Seen by Cavalcaselle in 1871. Destroyed in the 1908 Messina earthquake.
Virgin and Child in Glory with Saints John the Evangelist, Francis, Jerome and John the Baptist (c. 1496) by Ghirlandaio. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Several original paintings on “pagan” subjects by Sandro Botticelli, who burned them in the Bonfire of the Vanities.
Portrait of Piero di Cosimo de’ Medici (c. 1478) by Botticelli. Formerly Museo Civico Gaetano Filangieri, Naples. Destroyed in World War II. Photographs survive.
Frescoes on mythological themes, including the Forge of Vulcan, executed by Botticelli, Ghirlandaio, Filippino Lippi and Perugino for Lorenzo dei Medici in the great hall and external loggia of his villa at Spedaletto, near Volterra, 1487-90. Damaged by damp and finally destroyed by fire in the early nineteenth century.
Fresco of the Triumph of Trajan by Vincenzo Foppa, done for the Medici bank in the Via de’ Bossi, Milan. A fragment survives in the Wallace Collection, London.
Altarpiece for the church of Santa Maria dei Battuti in Belluno (c. 1485) by Alvise Vivarini. Destroyed by fire in Berlin during World War II.
Frescoes, including a Baptism of Christ for the Belvedere Chapel of the Vatican (1488) by Andrea Mantegna. Destroyed under Pope Pius VI to permit construction of the Pio-Clementino Museum, 1780.
Mantegna’s Lamentation of the People over the Dead Gattamelata, (1457-60) a fresco in the Palazzo Gattamelata, Padua. Destroyed by fire November 5, 1760.
Saint Catherine of Siena Altarpiece (Sacra Conversazione) by Giovanni Bellini in the Chapel of the Rosary of the Church of Santi Giovanni e Paolo, Venice. Destroyed by fire in 1867.
The Supper at Emmaus (c. 1494) by Giovanni Bellini. Painted for Giorgio Cornaro of Venice. Destroyed by fire in Vienna in the 18th c.
Fresco, Ascension with Christ in Glory (c.1478-80) by Melozzo da Forli for the choir of the Church of the Santi Apostoli in Rome. Destroyed in 1711 for the enlargement of the choir, 1711. Fragments survive in the Vatican and Quirinal.
The Court of Pan, by Signorelli. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Fresco of Madonna and Saints for the Tower of Citt di Castello (1474) by Signorelli. Destroyed by earthquake in 1789.
Adoration of the Magi fresco by Perugino for the convent of S. Giusto alla Mura.
The lower left panel of Van Eyck’s Ghent Altarpiece, titled The Just Judges, was stolen in 1934 and is now lost.
Triptych of the Virgin and Child with Donor by Van Eyck (c. 1441). Painted for Nicholas van Maelbeke, provost of St. Martin Cathedral, Ypres. Removed from the cathedral and lost during the French occupation of The Netherlands, 1792-1815. A 1629 copy was acquired by the Bruges museum in 2007.
Crucifixion by Petrus Christus (attributed) (c. 1444). Formerly Dessau Museum. Destroyed by bombing in World War II.
The Justice of Trajan and the Justice of Herkenbald by Rogier van der Weyden. Painted for the ‘Gulden Camere’ (Golden Chamber) of the Brussels Town Hall. The first dated 1439. Destroyed in the French Bombardment of Brussels in 1695.
Descent from the Cross altarpiece by Jan Mabuse executed for the church of Middelburg. Destroyed by fire, 1568.
Tapestries of the Great History of Troy (c. 1475) for the Painted Chamber of the Palace of Westminster, London. Removed 1820 and sold for ten pounds sterling to a London merchant. Presumed destroyed.
The Trial of Saint Stephen by Vittore Carpaccio. A drawing for the modello survives in the Uffizi.
Virgin and Child Enthroned with Saints Faustinus and Jovita, patron saints of Brescia (the Averoldi Altarpiece) by Carpaccio. Formerly sacristy of S. Giovanni Evangelista, Brescia. Sold to the National Gallery London, lost in a shipwreck crossing the English Channel.
Assumption of the Virgin (c.1507-08) by Fra Bartolommeo. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturn following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Medusa (before 1500, unfinished) by Leonardo da Vinci. In the collection of Cosimo I of Tuscany, 1553. Lost since the end of the 16th century.
Leda and the Swan (1508) by Leonardo da Vinci.
Battle of Anghiari by Leonardo da Vinci (Palazzo Vecchio)
Cartoon by Michelangelo of the battle of Cascina, Palazzo Vecchio, putatively destroyed by Bandinelli
A painting of Leda and the Swan (circa 1530) by Michelangelo. Given by the artist to his friend Antonio Mini who took it to France, where it disappeared.
A marble Cupid by Michelangelo, later owned by Isabella d’Este and Charles I of England. Destroyed in a fire at Whitehall Palace, London, 1698.
A marble Hercules by Michelangelo, his first free-standing statue (c. 1492-94). Installed in the Palazzo Strozzi, Florence, 1506, sent to France in the 16th century. Lost in the 18th century.
A bronze statue of David resting his foot on the severed head of Goliath, by Michelangelo.
Altarpiece of the Madonna and Child with St. Mary Magdalen and St. Lucy (Madonna of Albinea) by Antonio da Correggio.
Fresco of The Coronation of the Virgin for the church of San Giovanni Evangelista, Parma, by Correggio. Destroyed 1587. Fragments in National Gallery, London, other museums.
Portrait of a Young Man by Raphael. Confiscated by the Nazis, now lost .
Baronci altarpiece (the Crowning of Saint Nicholas of Tolentino) by Raphael. His first recorded commission, it was made for Andrea Baronci’s chapel in the church of Sant’Agostino in Citta di Castello, near Urbino. Destroyed in an 18th c. earthquake. At least four fragments survive (Louvre, Capodimonte).
Saint Catherine of Alexandria by Raphael. Formerly owned by Thomas Howard, Earl of Arundel. Depicted in an engraving by Wenceslas Hollar. Presumed lost.
The Wedding of Neptune and Amphitrite, silver bowl by Cellini. Taken from the Chapter of the Basilica of Santa Barbara, Modena, by the French, 1796. Presumed lost.
Ascension of Mary altarpiece (The eller altar) by Drer. The central panel added to the collection of Elector Maximilian of Bavaria, later lost in a fire in 1729.
Cardinal Albrecht of Brandenburg, Archbishop of Mainz, Virgin and Child with Four Female Saints, and Madonna and Child with Infant Saint John by Cranach the Elder. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturn following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Duke Henry of Saxony by Cranach the Elder. Destroyed by enemy action in Dresden, February 1945.
Market Day by Pieter Brueghel the Elder. Depicted in the 17th c. gallery of Cornelis van der Geest painted by Willem van Hoecht.
The Farmers Brawl by Breughel the Elder. Destroyed by enemy action in Dresden, February 1945.
Hans Holbein the Younger’s Whitehall Mural of Henry VIII and family in Whitehall Palace, London, destroyed by fire in 1698.
The Family of Sir Thomas More by Holbein. Destroyed by fire at Kremsier Castle, the Moravian residence of Carl von Liechtenstein, archbishop of Olmutz, 1752.
The Goldsmith Hans von Zurich by Holbein. Copied by Lucas Vosterman. Engraved by Wenceslas Hollar. Presumed lost.
Various works of Titian (including his Battle of Spoleto, Battle of Cadore and Doge Gritti Praying to the Virgin), Tintoretto (his Coronation of Frederick Barbarossa, Excommunication of Barbarossa, and Last Judgment), Paolo Veronese (his Homage of Frederick Barbarossa), Gentile da Fabriano, Pisanello, Carpaccio (his Battle of Ancona), Alvise Vivarini (Otho Promising to Mediate Between Venice and Barbarossa),Guariento (his Paradise), Gentile Bellini (his Battle of Salvore and Presentation of the White Candle to the Pope) and Giovanni Bellini (his Presentation of the Eight Standards and Trumpets to the Doge) were lost in a fire at the Doge’s Palace in Venice in 1577.
Portrait of Isabella dste in Red by Titian. A copy by Rubens is in the Kunsthistorisches Museum, Vienna.
Martyrdom of St Peter (Titian, Santi Giovanni e Paolo) (fire).
Double Portrait of Emperor Charles V and his wife Isabella of Portugal by Titian. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734. A copy by Rubens survives.
Penitent Magdalene by Titian. Painted for Philip II of Spain, 1561. Destroyed in a fire at Bath House, London, January 21, 1873.
Ixion and Tantalus by Titian. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734.
Paintings of The Twelve Caesars, by Titian. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734.
Venus in Front of her Mirror by Titian. Lost from the Spanish royal collection in the 19th century. A copy by Rubens survives.
Apollo and Juno and Saturn Helps Religion to Overcome Heresy by Veronese. Painted c. 1580 for the Fondaco dei Tedeschi, Venice. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Fresco of God the Father and the Four Evangelists by Pontormo in the Capponi Chapel, Church of Santa Felicita, Florence. Destroyed in 18th century remodeling.
Last Judgement Cartoons, (Pontormo, San Lorenzo) covered over.
Equestrian bronze statue of Henry IV of France by Giovanni da Bologna. Presented to Marie de Medicis by Cosimo II of Tuscany in 1614. Melted for cannon during the French Revolution.
Time Saving Truth from Envy and Discord by Nicolas Poussin. Untraced since 1840.
The Martyrdom of Erasmus (c. 1630) by Poussin, destroyed February 1945 by enemy action in Dresden, Germany.
Penance, one of the seven Sacraments (1637-40) by Poussin, destroyed by fire at Belvoir Castle in 1816.
Queen Esther Approaching the Palace of Ahasuerus (1658) by Claude Lorrain. Destroyed in a fire at Fonthill Abbey, 1755.
Apollo Guarding the Herds of Admetus and Mercury Stealing Them by Claude Lorrain. Formerly at Holker Hall. Destroyed by fire in 1870.
Aeneas and the Sibyl of Cumae by Claude Lorrain (Liber Veritatis 183). One of four works commissioned by Prince Falconieri executed 1666-73.
Raising of the Cross, altarpiece by Peter Paul Rubens. Painted for the Church of Santa Croce in Gerusalemme, Rome (1601-02).
Judith Beheading Holofernes, by Rubens (c. 1609). Known only though the 1610 engraving by Cornelius Galle.
Madonna of the Rosary, by Rubens. Painted for the Royal Chapel of the Dominican Church, Brussels. Destroyed in the French bombardment of Brussels, 1695.
Virgin Adorned with Flowers by Saint Anne, by Rubens (1610). Painted for the Church of the Carmelite Friars, Brussels. Destroyed in the French bombardment of Brussels, 1695.
Saint Job Triptych by Rubens (1613). Painted for Saint Nicholas Church, Brussels. Destroyed in the French bombardment of Brussels, 1695.
Cambyses Appointing Otanes Judge, Judgment of Solomon, and Last Judgment, by Rubens. Decoration for the Magistrates’ Hall, Brussels. Destroyed in the French bombardment of Brussels, 1695.
Neptune and Amphitrite by Rubens (c. 1615). Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Nativity, Adoration of the Magi, and Pentecost, by Rubens. Painted for the Chapel of Coudenberg Palace, Brussels. Destroyed by fire, 1731.
Susannah and the Elders by Rubens (1617-18). Engraved 1620 by Lucas Vosterman.
Satyr, Nymph, Putti and Leopards by Rubens (1618). Now known only from engraving.
The Abduction of Proserpine by Rubens. Engraved before 1621 by Pieter Soutman. Destroyed by fire at Blenheim Palace, Oxfordshire, February 5, 1861.
Crucifixion with Mary, St. John, Magdalen, by Rubens (1622). Destroyed by English Parliamentarians in the Queen’s Chapel, Somerset House, London, 1643.
Portrait of Philip IV of Spain, by Rubens (1628). Destroyed by an incendiary attack at the Kunsthaus, Zurich, in 1985.
Diana and Nymphs Surprised by Satyrs by Rubens (c. 1635-38). Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Equestrian Portrait of the Archduke Albert by Rubens.
Equestrian Portrait of Philip IV of Spain by Rubens. Destroyed in the Alcazar royal palace fire, Madrid, 1734. A copy is in the Uffizi Gallery.
The Continence of Scipio by Rubens. Destroyed by fire in the Western Exchange, Old Bond Street, London, March 1836.
The Lion Hunt by Rubens. Removed by Napoleon’s agents from Schloss Schleissheim, near Munich, 1800 and sent ultimately to the Bordeaux Museum, where destroyed by fire, 1870.
Equestrian Portrait of the Duke of Buckingham by Rubens. Later owned by the Earl of Jersey at Osterley Park. Destroyed by fire in 1949.
Series of 39 ceiling paintings for the Jesuit Church in Antwerp, designed by Rubens, largely executed by Van Dyck. Destroyed by fire in 1718.
Vision of Saint Hubert by Rubens and Jan Brueghel the Elder. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Group Portrait of the Town Council of Brussels by Van Dyck. Destroyed in the bombardment of Brussels, 1695.
Christ Crowned with Thorns, Lamentation over Christ, Nymphs Surprised by Satyrs, and Saints John the Baptist and John the Evangelist by Van Dyck. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Birth of Christ by Gerrit van Honthorst. Destroyed in the car bombing of the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, May 1993.
Six Gold and Silver Smiths (The “Bankers of Amsterdam”) by Thomas de Keyser (1627). One of 30 paintings destroyed by fire at the Musee de Beaux Arts, Strasbourg, August 13, 1947.
The Circumcision (1646) by Rembrandt.
Bentheim Castle with Christ and Disciples on the Road to Emmaus by Jacob van Ruisdael. Destroyed by fire at the Boijmans Museum, Rotterdam, 1864.
Large family portrait by Carel Fabritius. Destroyed by fire at the Boijmans Museum, Rotterdam, 1864.
Sleeping Man by Aelbert Cuyp. Destroyed by fire at the Boijmans Museum, Rotterdam, 1864.
A entleman washing his hands in a see-through room (half-door) with sculptures, artful and rare, by Vermeer, listed in the catalogue of the Dissius auction, Holland, 1696.
The Inspiration of Matthew first version by Caravaggio (~1601) (Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.)
Christ on the Mount of Olives by Caravaggio (1605). From the collection of Vincenzo Giustiniani. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Fillide Melandroni (c.1597) by Caravaggio. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
A portrait of Alof de Wignacourt by Caravaggio.
Saint John, Saint Francis, and a Resurrection, by Caravaggio, done for Santnna dei Lombardi, Naples. Destroyed in an earthquake, 1798.
Nativity with St. Francis and St. Lawrence by Caravaggio for the Oratorio of San Lorenzo, Palermo. Stolen in 1969, unrecovered.
The Conversion of Saint Paul altarpiece by Orazio Gentileschi, done for the basilica of San Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome. Destroyed by fire, 1823.
The Stoning of Saint Stephen altarpiece by Lavinia Fontana, done for the basilica of San Paolo fuori le Mura, Rome. Destroyed by fire, 1823.
Hercules and Omphale by Artemisia Gentileschi (1628), painted for Philip IV of Spain. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734.
Bathsheba by Artemisia Gentileschi (1650-52). Destroyed by fire at Gosford House, Scotland, 1940.
La Buonavventura and Ciclo Vito by Bartolomeo Manfredi. Destroyed in the car bombing of the Uffizi Gallery, Florence, May 1993.
Danae by Annibale Carracci. Formerly Ellesmere collection, Bridgewater House, Westminster, London. Destroyed by enemy action in World War II, May 11, 1941.
Saint Gregory Praying for Souls in Purgatory (c.1600), altarpiece painted by Annibale Caracci for the church of San Gregorio Magno, Rome. Formerly Ellesmere collection, Bridgewater House, Westminster, London. Destroyed by enemy action in World War II, May 11, 1941.
Descent from the Cross by Ludovico Carracci. Formerly Ellesmere collection, Bridgewater House, Westminster, London. Destroyed by enemy action in World War II, May 11, 1941.
Bacchus and Ariadne by Guido Reni. Commissioned for Queen Henrietta Maria’s house at Greenwich, 1637. Destroyed in France in the 17th century by the widow of Michel Particelli d’Hemery, who was scandalized by the female nudes it contained. A fragment with the head of Ariadne survives.
Immaculate Conception by Guido Reni. Formerly Cathedral of Seville, Spain, later in the Ellesmere collection, Bridgewater House, Westminster, London. Destroyed by enemy action in World War II, May 11, 1941.
Bust of Charles I by Bernini, in marble. Destroyed in the Whitehall Palace fire, London, 1698.
Crucified Christ by Bernini, in bronze. Formerly in the French royal collection. Destroyed in the French Revolution.
Expulsion of the Moors with Philip III (1627) by Velasquez. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734.
Venus and Adonis by Velasquez. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734.
Cupid and Psyche by Velasquez. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734.
Apollo and Marsyas by Velasquez. Destroyed in the Alcazar palace fire, Madrid, 1734.
Two portraits of royal jesters, Francesco de Ochoa and Cardenas the Toreador, painted by Velasquez for the Buen Retiro Palace, Madrid.
Pelican with Bucket and Donkeys painted by Velasquez for the Palace of Buen Retiro, Madrid.
Saint Bonaventure Reveals the Crucifix to Saint Thomas Aquinas by Zurbarn. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Frescoes of The Labors of Hercules by Luca Giordano painted 1692-1702 for the Buen Retiro Palace of Charles II of Spain, Madrid. Destroyed in the 19th century.
William III Leading Troops at the Battle of the Boyne by Godfrey Kneller. Destroyed by fire in Grocers’ Hall, London, September 22, 1965.
The Amber Room of the Catherine Palace in Russia was lost during World War II.
The Drawing Lesson and A Girl Reciting her Gospel by Jean-Baptiste-Simon Chardin.
Still Life with Copper Kettle, Bowl with Eggs (1724-25), by Chardin. Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
Decorations for the Chateau de la Muette: the Goddess Ki Mao Sao in the Kingdom of Mang in the country of Laos, by Watteau (engraved c. 1719). Demolished at the Revolution.
Spring (Printemps), one of a series of four paintings of the Seasons, painted by Watteau for the banker Pierre Crozat. Rediscovered 1964, destroyed by fire two years later. Autumn and Winter from the series remain unaccounted for.
Jay and Oriole Hung by the Feet by Jean-Baptiste Oudry. Exhibited at the Salon of 1751.
The original paintings of A Harlot’s Progress (1731) by William Hogarth were destroyed in a fire at Fonthill Abbey in 1755, but the engravings (1732) survive.
Fresco of The Translation of the Holy House of Loreto by Gianbattista Tiepolo in the Church of the Scalzi, Venice. Destroyed by enemy action (Austrian shell), 1915.
Frescoes by Gianbattista and Giandomenico Tiepolo glorifying the Soderini family, Villa Soderini, Nervesa della Battaglia, in the Veneto (c.1754) were totally destroyed during an Italo-Austrian engagement in the First World War, June 15-19, 1918.
Ceiling frescoes of The Triumph of the Arts and Sciences, Apollo and Phaethon, Perseus and Andromeda, and Juno with Fortuna and Venus by Gianbattista Tiepolo in the Palazzo Archinto, Milan. Destroyed by bombardment in World War II.
Nativity, The Infant Jupiter, General James Oglethorpe and sixteen other works of Sir Joshua Reynolds were destroyed by fire at Belvoir Castle in 1816.
Gainsborough’s whole-length of David Garrick leaning on a bust of Shakespeare, painted for the Stratford Shakespeare Jubilee (1766) was destroyed in a fire at Stratford-upon-Avon Town Hall in 1946.
The Woodman and his Dog in a Storm (1787) by Gainsborough. Destroyed by fire in 1810. A 1791 mezzotint by Pierre Simon exists.
The Destruction of Niobe’s Children by Richard Wilson. Formerly National Gallery, London. Destroyed by enemy action in World War II, 1944.
Bust of the composer Gluck in marble by Jean-Antoine Houdon. Destroyed by fire at the Paris Opera, 1873. Terra cotta versions exist.
The Eidophusikon (1781) by Philip James de Loutherbourg.
Le Pelletier on his Death Bed (1793) by Jacques-Louis David.
Don Antonio de Porcel (1806) by Goya. Destroyed in a fire in the Jockey Club, Buenos Aires, 1956.
A Vision of the Last Judgment (1808) by William Blake. Earlier versions and sketches survive, but the final version has not been seen since the cancellation of an 1810 exhibit it was to have been part of.
George Washington Seated, in Roman dress, marble sculpture by Canova, destroyed by fire in the North Carolina State House, Raleigh, 1831. The artist’s plaster model survives.
Winter (1807-08), The Farewell (1818), The Harbor at Grifswald (c. 1820), Autumn Landscape with Brush Collector (1824), and Evening (1825), by Caspar David Friedrich. Destroyed in the Glaspalast (Munich) fire, 1931.
Mountain Chapel in the Mist (1811), Monastery Graveyard in the Snow (1817-18), High Mountain Region (1824), and Northern Lights (1830-35) by Caspar David Friedrich.Destroyed by fire in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, following the capture of Berlin, May 1945.
The Mouth of the Thames (1807) by Joseph Mallord William Turner. Destroyed by enemy action in World War II.
Fish Market on the Sands (1830) by Turner. Formerly owned by Billy Rose. Destroyed by fire, 1956.
Aeneas Relating his Story to Dido (1850) by Turner.
Mississippi River Panorama (1840-46) by John Banvard. Promoted as a ‘three-mile canvas’, though it was only approximately half a mile (800 m) long. Banvard gave the panorama many showings, including one to Queen Victoria. It is thought to have been cut up into pieces towards the end of the 19th century.
Washington Crossing the Delaware (1849-50) (first version) by Emanuel Leutze. Destroyed in an air raid on Bremen, 1942.
Apotheosis of Napoleon I by Ingres. Ceiling painting for the Hotel de Ville, Paris. Destroyed by fire in the Paris Commune, 1871.
The Storming of the Bastille (1830) by Paul Delaroche. Painted for the Hotel de Ville, Paris. Destroyed by fire in the Paris Commune, 1871.
Justinian Drafting his Laws (1826) by Eugne Delacroix. Painted for the Council of State, Paris. Destroyed by fire in the Paris Commune, 1871. An 1855 photograph survives.
Peace Consoles Mankind and Brings Abundance (1852-54) by Delacroix. Painted for the Hall of Peace at the Hotel de Ville, Paris. Destroyed by fire in the Paris Commune, 1871.
The Jewish Captivity in Babylon by Jean-Francois Millet. Submitted for the Paris Salon, 1848. Painted over by the artist with a scene executed in Normandy in 1870-71.
The Stone-breakers, by Courbet, destroyed in transit from the Dresden Gallery in World War II.
The Return from the Conference (1863) by Courbet. Destroyed 1909 by its owner due to its anticlerical content.
Venus and Psyche (1864) by Courbet. Destroyed by enemy air action, Berlin, 1945.
Still Life: Vase with Five Sunflowers (1888) by Van Gogh. Formerly in the collection of Koyata Yamamoto, Japan. Destroyed by American air raids on Ashiya District, August 5-6, 1945.
The Painter on his Way to Work by Van Gogh. Formerly in the Kaiser-Friedrich Museum, Berlin. Destroyed by fire in World War II.
The Park at Arles with the Entrance Seen Through the Trees (1888) by Van Gogh. Destroyed by fire in World War II.
The Lovers: The Poet’s Garden IV (1888) by Van Gogh. Declared degenerate and confiscated by the Nazis in 1937. Whereabouts unknown.
The New Jerusalem by George Inness was destroyed in the partial collapse of Madison Square Garden in 1880. Salvaged fragments survive, including Valley of the Olive Trees in the Walters Art Gallery, Baltimore.
The Apparition, a lost oil by James Tissot (1885). A mezzotint by the artist exists.
Henri Rousseau’s portrait of French playwright Alfred Jarry (1895) was destroyed by the sitter, who disliked it.
Head of Sir Henry Irving by John Singer Sargent. Destroyed by the sitter, who disliked it.
Portrait of Thomas Eakins by William Merritt Chase (c. 1899). Presumed destroyed by the sitter.
Hen with Sapphire Pendant (1886), a Faberg egg.
Cherub with Chariot (1888), a Faberg egg.
Necessaire (1889), a Faberg egg.
Alexander III Portraits (1896), a Faberg egg.
Mauve (1898), a Faberg egg.
Empire Nephrite (1902), a Faberg egg.
Royal Danish (1903), a Faberg egg.
Alexander III Commemorative (1909), a Faberg egg.
Musik II (1898), Schubert at the Piano (1899), Golden Apple Tree (1903), Procession of the Dead (1903), Medicine, Philosophy, and Jurisprudence (1899-1907), Farm Garden with Crucifix (1911-12), Malcesine on Lake Garda (1913), Garden Path with Chickens (1916), Portrait of Wally (1916), The Friends (c. 1916-17), Leda (1917), Gastein (1917), all by Gustav Klimt. Destroyed by fire set by retreating German forces in 1945 at Schloss Immendorf, Austria.
Two paintings by Claude Monet, including a major study of Water Lilies, were destroyed in a fire that swept the Museum of Modern Art, New York, in April 1958.
Diego Rivera’s mural Man at the Crossroads (1933) was destroyed and removed in 1934 because its content (including a portrait of Lenin) offended Nelson Rockefeller, who had commissioned the work. Rivera later recreated the work as Man, Controller of the Universe in the Palacio de Bellas Artes in Mexico City.
Joan Miro’s large mural on panels, The Reaper, (1937) depicting a Catalan peasant, was created for the Spanish Republican pavilion of the 1937 Paris Exposition. Afterwards it was sent to Valencia and probably destroyed.
Works of Arshile Gorky were lost when his studio burned in 1946. In addition, 15 abstract paintings and drawings by Gorky were lost in a 1962 plane crash
Graham Sutherland’s portrait of Winston Churchill (1954) was deliberately destroyed by Lady Churchill because she did not like it.
Some 20 works were created on camera and then deliberately destroyed by Pablo Picasso for the documentary Le Mystre Picasso (The Mystery of Picasso, 1956) .
On January 30, 1979, a Varig 707 freighter, registration PP-VLU, disappeared over the Pacific Ocean thirty minutes after departing Tokyo, Japan. The captain had previously been involved in another major accident, that of Varig Flight 820 in 1973. No wreckage or remains were ever located. The aircraft was carrying 153 paintings by the Japanese Brazilian artist Manabu Mabe, worth approximately $1.24 million US.
“Study after Velazquez III” (1950), Francis Bacon. Third in a series of portraits after Velzquez’s Portrait of Pope Innocent X, 1650. All three were thought destroyed by the artist until the first two surfaced 1999.
“Untitled Wall Relief”, by Craig Kauffman (1967), an acrylic lacquer on Plexiglas piece, fell off the wall and shattered on July 16, 2006 at the Pompidou Center of Paris
Untitled piece by Peter Alexander (1971), an 8 ft. x 5 in. molded polyester resin work, fell and shattered in April 2006 at the Pompidou Center of Paris
Anish Kapoor’s wood and cement sculpture “Hole and Vessel” (1984) was discovered missing from its storage unit in 2004.
Richard Serra’s 38-ton metal sculpture “Equal-Parallel/Guernica-Bengasi” (1986), formerly displayed at the Reina Sofia museum, was unable to be located in 2006
The “Goddess of Democracy” (1989) by students of the Central Academy of Fine Arts, was destroyed by The People’s Liberation Army during the Tiananmen Square protests of 1989.
Rachel Whiteread’s enormous sculpture “House” (1993) was destroyed by the London Borough of Tower Hamlets council on January 11, 1994.
Pablo Picasso’s painting The Painter was lost aboard Swissair Flight 111 when it crashed into the waters off Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada on September 2, 1998.
Richard Serra’s Tilted Arc (1981) was dismantled and removed in 1989.
Hlio Oiticica’s almost whole collection was destroyed on October 16, 2009 in a fire at his brother’s house.
Works destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks
Many works of art were destroyed in the September 11, 2001 attacks when the World Trade Center buildings collapsed.
“Ideogram” (1967) stainless steel sculpture by James Rosati
“Cloud Fortress” (1975) a large, black granite piece by Japanese artist Masayuki Nagare, destroyed in the 9/11 rescue and recovery efforts.
“The World Trade Center Tapestry” a 20′ x 35′ tapestry by Joan Mir
“Sky Gate, New York” (1977-78) by Louise Nevelson
A memorial fountain for the victims of the 1993 World Trade Center bombing by Elyn Zimmerman
“World Trade Center Stabile” (1971) a 25′ red steel sculpture by Alexander Calder. Approximately 30% of the sculpture was recovered.
Some 300 sculptures and drawings by Auguste Rodin, part of the Cantor Fitzgerald collection.
Needle Tower (1968) by Kenneth Snelson.
Recollection Pond, a tapestry by Romare Bearden.
Path Mural, by Germaine Keller.
Commuter Landscape, a large mural by Cynthia Mailman.
Fan Dancing with the Birds, a mural by Hunt Slonem.
The Entablature Series by Roy Lichtenstein
Approximately 40,000 negatives of photographs by Jacques Lowe documenting the presidency of John F. Kennedy.
The Sphere, an abstract sculpture by Fritz Koenig, survived the collapse but was seriously damaged, and now serves as a memorial.
Works destroyed in the Momart fire
Many works by Britartists in the Saatchi collection, as well as work by other artists in different collections, were destroyed in the Momart warehouse fire in Leyton, East London, on May 24, 2004.
Vertical Light by Patrick Heron (1957), and some 50 other paintings
Altair by Gillian Ayres (1989), and 17 other paintings
Craigie Horsfield’s black and white photograph of Barcelona, Carrer Muntaner (1996)
Hell by Jake and Dinos Chapman, (1998 to 2000)
The Last Thing I Said To You Is Don’t Leave Me Here (“The Hut”) by Tracey Emin (1999)
Everyone I Have Ever Slept With 19631995 (“The Tent”) by Tracey Emin
Mood Change One by Michael Craig-Martin
The Event by William Redgrave, a bronze triptych; about a third was salvaged by his son, Chris Redgrave.
Down Below, a sculpture by Sarah Lucas
Hedone’s, a painting by Patrick Caulfield
Floater, by Gavin Turk
Sixteen paintings by Damien Hirst
Cyclops Cameo (1995), Opal (1996), and eight other works by Helen Chadwick
Nine works by Barry Flanagan
Clown, a gloss painting on wood and other works by Gary Hume
Afrobluff, and other works by Chris Ofili
Works by Paula Rego
Forty works by Adrian Heath
Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Lost artworks
Bombardment of Brussels
Rescuing Da Vinci
Lost Treasures of Europe:427 Photographs Henry Adams LaFarge (ed.), Pantheon (1946).
The Lost Museum. Glimpses of Vanished Originals Robert Adams, Viking Press (1980). ISBN 0-670-44107-4
Missing Masterpieces – Lost Works of Art, 1450-1900 Dr. Gert-Rudolf Flick, Merrell (January 2003). ISBN 1-85894-197-0
The eloquent and thorough post-war report, Works of Art in Italy. Losses and Survivals in the War, compiled by the British Committee on the Preservation and Restitution of Works of Art, London 1946, is an indispensable guide to the damage inflicted by wartime action throughout Italy between 1943 and 1945. It is posted online and also references other wartime articles on damage to works of art in Italy.
The authoritative source in English for paintings destroyed in the Friedrichshain Flakturm, Berlin, 1945 remains Christopher Norris, “The Disaster at Flakturm Friedrichshain; a Chronicle and List of Paintings,” The Burlington Magazine, December 1952, Vol. XCIV, Number 597.
“The Art Lost by Citigroup on 9/11″ by Suzanne F. W. Lemakis
Public Art at the World Trade Center
Lost Art in the Towers
9/11 Attacks Destroy Cultural and Historical Artifacts
The Britart fire
Lost Art (The National Museums in Berlin) on MuseumsWiki
Lost Art Masterpieces Destroyed in War in Flickr
Destroyed Works of Art and Architecture Group in Flickr
Categories: Lost works of art
About the Author
How To Learn Japanese Language Easily
Do you want to learn Japanese in a light-hearted way? If so I want to introduce a Japanese language program for you, that is Rocket Japanese. The advantage of this program is that it can provide a genuine context for you. The key to learning a foreign language is to understand the context rather than only to learn the words and sentences. When you are in an authentic environment, you should know how to use what you have learned.
The interactive audio and MegaAudio software learning game components can put you in a genuine context. This learning software can provide you something that you can only get from Rocket Japanese, such as an in-depth view of this complicated language, learn Japanese in a reasonably short amount of time and provide a multimedia format for you to use the language. All types of people with different backgrounds can learn Japanese well through Rocket Japanese, because it offers high quality information and training as well as an instant download option. Through a 31 lesson course can help you start the Rocket Japanese program easily. By this interactive audio course, you can be exposed to Japanese through reading listening and repeating.
This course has been highly recommended by the users who have been accessible to many other training courses. So believe in yourself and your choice of Rocket Japanese. Another advantage of this software is that it can guarantee you can pick up this language, if within eight days you cannot master the basic use of Japanese you will be refunded. This is the other software dare not guarantee.
Studying with Rocket Japanese, what you are to gain is not only a language but also a culture and a kind of custom which are basic for foreign language learning. You should believe that Japanese learning is not a difficult thing if you put your heart in it and choose the suitable aids. Rocket Japanese may be your best choice. Grab A Copy Click here
About the Author
How to introduce a pomeranian to a german shepherd?
Recently we got a 3 month old pomeranian and and one of my family members got a german shepherd about 1.5 years (not sure) from an animal rescue. We tried to introduce the two but the german shepherd growled and barked at our pomeranian. First our pomeranian growled once, but is now scared of the german shepherd. Maybe the german shepherd or pomeranian doesn’t socialize well with other dogs. What can we do to train the two dogs to like each other?
Go for walks together, walk between the dogs (2 handlers are necessary!).
Introducing dogs should always be on neutral ground under controlled circumstances, ging for walks together normally works fairly well. If that don’t work – call the shelter and see if they can send someone out to help you guys a bit (they should have checked if the gsd had problems with other dogs before placing it with you guys to start with)
Japanese immersion programs in Japan that don’t cost any money.?
My friend got accepted into the NSIL program for the Korean language, and she’s going for free. Unfortunately, they don’t have a Japanese program. I was wondering if anybody knew of American-based Japanese Immersion programs for a high school student that take place in Japan preferably during the summer.
Hi! Check out worldcampus.org. They offer scholarships
How To Learn Arabic Language
People have many reasons for learning Arabic. For example, typical factors include work, for travel, for becoming a Muslim, because of marriage or friendship with an Arab, or simply as a hobby. Arabic is spoken by more than 280 million people as a first language, so being educated in the ancient language can be very beneficial indeed for young Muslims.
So, you’ve decided that you are going to make the grand total of speakers 280 million and one? Well, this article offers advice for people who are about to open the book on learning the Qur’an’s official language.
Firstly, it would be ideal to learn a little Arabic at home before committing yourself to more serious classes and we would advise learning standard/classical Arabic…and move onto a colloquial dialect afterwards. Modern Standard Arabic is what is used in books, newspapers, radio and television news programmes, and all media etc.
Standard Arabic does sound a bit posh and formal to Arab ears, but at least you can be sure of being understood by educated Arabs anywhere in the Middle East. However, you may find it difficult at first to understand local dialects, which can then be easily picked up with the Standard Arabic as a solid foundation!
Studying the absolute basics at home (before attending classes) is recommended for students of Arabic of any age! There are plenty of online self-tuition courses – such as www.learnarabiconline.com – and basic Arabic books available that will see you through the beginner stage. Linguaphones and mp3 audio books can be very effective, as the student is to follow a written text while listening to a recording of it, and then to repeat each sentence. Young children can also be given a simple Arabic book or an Arabic Alphabet Wooden Puzzle to learn the basics.
Those of you who are learning Arabic solely due to an interest in Islam, then standard Arabic is – as previously stated – obviously preferable to a colloquial dialect. But standard Arabic is unlikely to meet all your needs to fully understand the Qur’an, so a specific course in Qur’anic Arabic would be recommended.
About the Author
Andrew Parker has written many articles on religion, language, and fashion related to his media work with modest Islamic clothing website Saif Modesty.